The European Journal of Humour Research <p>The EJHR is an open-access, academic journal published by <a title="Tertium" href=""><strong>Cracow Tertium Society for the Promotion of Language Studies</strong> </a>and endorsed by <a href="">The International Society for Humor Studies (ISHS)</a>. The EJHR publishes full research articles, shorter commentaries, which discuss ground-breaking or controversial areas, research notes, which provide details on the research project rationale, methodology and outcomes, as well as book reviews. The journal has a special focus on supporting PhD students and early career researchers by providing them with a forum within which to disseminate their work alongside established scholars and practitioners.</p> <p>The EJHR welcomes submissions that combine research and relevant applications as well as empirical studies detailing their usefulness to the study of humour. All contributions received (apart from book reviews) undergo a double-blind, peer-review process. In addition to established scholars within humor research, we invite those as yet unfamiliar with (or wary of) humor research to enter the discussion, especially based on less known or less covered material. The elaboration of joint methodological frameworks is strongly encouraged. For further details or inquiries you may contact the Editors.</p> <p>No charges are applied either for submitting, reviewing or processing articles for publication. </p> <p>The journal is now listed in important international <a href="">indexing bases</a> including <a href="">Scopus</a> and Scimago ranking :</p> <p><a title="SCImago Journal &amp; Country Rank" href=";tip=sid&amp;exact=no"><img src="" alt="SCImago Journal &amp; Country Rank" border="0" /></a> </p> <p><br /><img src="" alt="" width="180" height="100" /></p> <p>This publication is supported by the <a href="">CEES</a> and ELM <a href="">Scholarly Press.</a></p> <p><img src="" alt="" width="180" height="71" /> <img src="" alt="" width="180" height="81" /></p> Cracow Tertium Society for the Promotion of Language Studies en-US The European Journal of Humour Research 2307-700X All authors agree to an Attribution Non-Commercial Non Derivative Creative Commons License on their work. Travel-related humour and COVID-19 <p><em>This study aims to provide an overview of humorous travel-related memes shared during the COVID-19 pandemic. A total of 80 Internet memes were content analysed for emergent themes. The findings reveal three major themes: playful aggression, making fun of one’s longing for travel, and making fun of new travel realities. The identified themes were linked to the existing literature to better understand the memes being studied. The analysis of memes provides a methodologically agile way to study conditions that may otherwise be overlooked, e.g., peoples’ travel-related desires and concerns while in lockdown.</em></p> <p><em> </em></p> Anja Pabel Maja Turnšek Copyright (c) 2021 The European Journal of Humour Research 2022-10-11 2022-10-11 10 3 211 216 10.7592/EJHR.2022.10.3.659 Book review <p><em>Book review</em></p> Lida Anagnostaki Copyright (c) 2022 The European Journal of Humour Research 2022-10-11 2022-10-11 10 3 217 219 Book review <p><em>Book review</em></p> Piotr Kałowski Copyright (c) 2022 The European Journal of Humour Research 2022-10-11 2022-10-11 10 3 220 222 Book review <p><em>Book review</em></p> Adwoa Atta Opoku-Agyemang Copyright (c) 2022 The European Journal of Humour Research 2022-10-11 2022-10-11 10 3 223 225 Book review <p><em>Book review</em></p> Jan Chovanec Copyright (c) 2022 The European Journal of Humour Research 2022-10-11 2022-10-11 10 3 226 230 Book review <p><em>Book review</em></p> Razvan Saftoiu Copyright (c) 2022 The European Journal of Humour Research 2022-10-11 2022-10-11 10 3 231 235 Book review <p><em>Book review</em></p> Marta Kapera Copyright (c) 2022 The European Journal of Humour Research 2022-10-11 2022-10-11 10 3 236 239 Book review <p><em>Book review</em></p> Polina Oleneva Copyright (c) 2022 The European Journal of Humour Research 2022-10-11 2022-10-11 10 3 240 243 Irony in fashion memes <p><em>The practice of fashion memes is a rather fresh exercise on the fashion scene, and it has been enjoyed by both the audiences and the brands. Fashion media have turned their attention to the phenomenon as well, addressing its scope, authorship and function from various angles. Scholarly research of the field is very scarce, though. The article seeks to contribute to the emerging field of fashion meme research by analysing a Lithuanian author of original fashion memes, a self-proclaimed fashion critic the</em> Pink Poodle<em> – an imaginary social media personality active on Facebook and Instagram platforms. The subjects of Pink Poodle memes are objects of media photographs from local and global public events (such as the Presidential Inauguration or an international cinema festival opening, Grammy Awards, Oscars) that demonstrate, from Poodle’s perspective, disagreements with fashion and/or aesthetics in general. The aim of the article is to reflect on the function of irony and sarcasm of the fashion meme as an instrument for fashion criticism, and the role of (visual) irony on the perception of fashion in the contemporary society. The text also addresses the role of </em>independent fashion criticism<em> that the practice of fashion meme creation seems to provide, and the function that this kind of intermediary between fashion and its audiences may perform</em><em>.</em></p> Kristina Stankeviciute Copyright (c) 2022 The European Journal of Humour Research 2022-10-11 2022-10-11 10 3 1 21 10.7592/EJHR.2022.10.3.676 “E is for Ernest who choked on a peach” <p><em>In Edward Gorey’s numerous scenes of breakfasts, lunches, dinners, and afternoon teas, food and drink often feature with more or less prominence and are sometimes even found in the titles of his books, such as in The Fatal Lozenge</em> (1960)<em> or The Unknown Vegetable </em>(1995)<em>. Their seemingly innocent appearance is often tied to violence or death: a head is discovered in a breadbox, a woman murders her husband by lacing his tea with atropine, a boy dies of exposure after being punished for “splashing his soup”, and several characters are consumed by more or less fantastic creatures. And yet, throughout all such gruesome events, Gorey’s characteristically playful and absurd humour adds levity to scenes of food-related death, misery, downfall, and even murder. Whether much attention is drawn to such events (such as in The Unknown Vegetable, where the entire story revolves around the discovery of a giant turnip-like vegetable that leads to a woman being buried alive) or whether they are merely mentioned in offhanded comments, Gorey couches them in a frame of the ridiculous and the nonsensical. It is therefore the aim of this paper to explore how Gorey achieves this curious combination of the grotesque and the humorous in scenes revolving around food, and how this approach extends to a general confusion of tone in his darkly funny, seriocomic creations in which any manner of horror may be lurking in peaches, cakes, crackers, boiled turnips, a recipe for fudge, a family picnic, or under a haunted tea cosy.</em></p> Nikola Novaković Copyright (c) 2022 The European Journal of Humour Research 2022-10-11 2022-10-11 10 3 22 38 10.7592/EJHR.2022.10.3.665 Avant-garde humour as ideological supplement <p><em>In 1939, when the Spanish civil war had recently ended, avant-garde humorists Miguel Mihura and Tono published an absurdist propaganda ‘novel’, </em>María de la Hoz<em> [María of the Sickle], about the republican zone during the conflict. Unlike other Francoist propaganda pieces of the time, it did not focus on the violence or the alleged moral degeneracy of the ‘reds’ but rather on what its authors perceived as the absurdity of egalitarianism and the progressive ideals. The novel, while not contradicting the emerging official ideology, conspicuously overlooked some of its key tenets, particularly those related to nationalism, Catholicism and Franco’s leadership. This article contextualises </em>María de la Hoz<em> in the development process of Spanish avant-garde humour and in Francoist propaganda fiction during and immediately after the civil war in order to analyse the ideological stance it represented and, potentially, reinforced. As a political piece, the book seems to convey the position of an affluent middle class who did not enthusiastically believe in Francoism but preferred it to the republican alternative, caricatured as a communist regime by nationalist propaganda. </em></p> Alejandro Romero-Reche Copyright (c) 2021 The European Journal of Humour Research 2022-10-11 2022-10-11 10 3 39 53 10.7592/EJHR.2022.10.3.663 The humour factor <p><em>This article analyses the social reaction to Francisco Franco’s exhumation from his burial place in the Valley of the Fallen at the end of 2019. This decision was taken by virtue of compliance with the so-called Historical Memory Law approved in 2007 and generated a great social debate. Apart from opinions in favour and against that decision coming from the political spectrum of the left and right, respectively, we observed a new attitude, that of humour, present in tweets and memes. By analyzing a collection of memes that circulated in Twitter and WhatsApp groups, our research shows that the new media have brought in content and symbolism that ridicule the late dictator, trivialise the treatment given to the “Caudillo” </em>[Leader] <em>of Spain for nearly four decades and contribute to an uninhibited interpretation of memory policies. </em></p> <p><em> </em></p> Matilde Eiroa Copyright (c) 2022 The European Journal of Humour Research 2022-10-11 2022-10-11 10 3 54 77 10.7592/EJHR.2022.10.3.652 The effect of laughter yoga on working memory <p><em>A growing body of evidence suggests that there is a link between laughter and memory. However, no research has been done to show a link between simulated laughter (laughter yoga) and the enhancement of working memory. Because laughter has numerous benefits, we examined whether simulated laughter can improve healthy adults’ working memory (WM). A total of 30 participants (15 experimental and 15 control) were enrolled in this study. The research design was experimental and pretest-posttest with a control group. Participants in the laughter yoga intervention group had eight sessions twice a week for four weeks, whereas the control group received no intervention. We assessed all participants before and after laughter activity with the WM measures (Corsi Block Test and Digit Span). The laughter intervention programme focused on simulated laughter (laughter yoga) without relying on humour, jokes, or comedy. The results revealed a significant improvement in the memory of both visual and verbal WM performances in the experimental group after the intervention programme. In contrast, the study found no significant differences in the control group. Simulated laughter intervention is the easiest, practical, and cost-efficient method that seems to affect WM positively. </em></p> Md. Shahinoor Rahman Farida Binte Wali Copyright (c) 2021 The European Journal of Humour Research 2022-10-11 2022-10-11 10 3 78 87 10.7592/EJHR.2022.10.3.597 Face reading the emotions of gelotophobes toward disparaging humorous advertising <p><em>Prior research has indicated that gelotophobia, people’s fear of being laughed at, influences their emotions toward a disparaging humorous event. Based on two experiments with a sample of 50 Greek participants each, the present study employed face recognition software to explore the emotions of gelotophobes, when exposed to an advertisement. It further examined the moderating role of the type of advertisement (i.e. a disparaging humorous ad vs. a non-disparaging non-humorous ad) and identification with the victim of the joke, on gelotophobes' emotions. At higher levels of identification with the victim, gelotophobes indicated lower levels of joy, joyful (Duchenne) smile, and a positive emotional valence toward a disparaging-humorous advertisement as opposed to non-gelotophobes. Joy was also found to mediate the negative effects of gelotophobia on attitude toward the ad.</em></p> Maria C. Voutsa Leonidas Hatzithomas Eirini Tsichla Christina Boutsouki Copyright (c) 2021 The European Journal of Humour Research 2022-10-11 2022-10-11 10 3 88 112 10.7592/EJHR.2022.10.3.631 An intercultural pragmatic approach to English-Russian and English-German renditions of the formulaic "That’s what she said"-punchline in telecinematic discourse <p><em>This paper takes an intercultural approach to identifying and discussing rendition strategies of one specific punchline recurrent in scripted telecinematic discourse: That’s what she said. While this formulaic punchline demonstrates a relatively high salience in the US, particularly in oral and scripted genres, it issues more than one challenge to translators seeking to render it for other speech communities in a manner that acknowledges and retains the source pattern’s complexity as a discursively triggered and formulaic pragmatic idiom. We shall focus here on two specific target cultures, i.e. the Russian and the German, in demonstrating the challenges that this complex and linguistically as well as cognitively multi-faceted formula poses for its appropriation into either cultural sphere. Our study is based on a self-compiled parallel dataset of context-embedded source occurrences of That’s what she said and their renditions into German and Russian, thus offering immediately contrastive insights into the rendition strategies that translators have been employing to interculturally transfer this highly evasive idiomatic formula from one speech community to others.</em></p> Monika Kirner-Ludwig Aleksandra Soboleva Copyright (c) 2022 The European Journal of Humour Research 2022-10-11 2022-10-11 10 3 113 137 10.7592/EJHR.2022.10.3.686 A supportive climate may protect well-being from negative humour events <p><em>This study investigated: (a) the mediating role of affect between humour events and well-being at work and (b) the moderating role of psychological work climate in the indirect relationship between</em> <em>humour events and well-being at work, via affect. The moderated mediation model was tested through a study with 93 full-time employees. We used regressions and bootstrapping analyses to test the moderated mediation model. The findings indicated a significant association between humour events and well-being at work with affect as a mediator. Moreover, psychological work climate was found to significantly moderate the indirect relationship between humour events and well-being at work via affect, such that it become stronger when individuals were in a positive psychological work climate. This paper adds considerable evidence of the relationship between</em> <em>humour-related events and </em><em>their</em><em> impact on individuals’ well-being. Psychological work climate strengthens the association between affect and well-being</em> <em>after</em> <em>humour events. </em></p> <p><span lang="EN-US"> </span></p> Ana Junça Silva Antonio Caetano Rita Rueff Lopes Copyright (c) 2021 The European Journal of Humour Research 2022-10-11 2022-10-11 10 3 138 150 10.7592/EJHR.2022.10.3.599 Transcreating humour for (re)dubbing into Arabic <p><em>The transfer of humorous elements in audio-visual texts is a challenging task as verbal expressions heavily rely on witty wordplay and are visually bound. To overcome such a challenge, the translator has to have two particular skills: creativity and a thorough understanding of the context and/or intended meanings. This paper aims at investigating the realisation of humour in dubbing animation vis-à-vis register variation and creativity by comparing the Egyptian dub with the Modern Standard Arabic (MSA) re-dub of Disney’s Monster’s Inc. Drawing on House’s (2015) translation quality assessment model, the data analysis reveals that resorting to colloquialism as a covert translation strategy provided a functionally adequate, nuanced leeway for the translator to capture the essence situational humour of the source text by relying on the on-screen visuals. Therefore, the translator quasi-assumes the role of an author to communicate interpersonal meanings as effectively and humorously as possible. Meanwhile, resorting to the standard variation as an overt translation strategy significantly deflated and sacrificed verbal humour due to the translator’s literal style and Al-Jazeera’s ideological orientation that shuns functional equivalence for the sake of linguistic homogenisation.</em></p> Rashid Yahiaoui Copyright (c) 2021 The European Journal of Humour Research 2022-10-11 2022-10-11 10 3 151 167 10.7592/EJHR.2022.10.3.681 Humor in conversation among bilinguals <p><em>In this study, we analyse conversations recorded during ethnographic research in two bilingual communities on the island of Rhodes, Greece. We examine: (a) the bilingual in Greek and Turkish Muslim community of Rhodes (Georgalidou et al. 2010, 2013) and (b) the Greek-American/Canadian community of repatriated emigrant families of Rhodian origin (Kourtis-Kazoullis 2016). In particular, combining interactional and conversation analytic frameworks (Auer 1995; Gafaranga 2007), we examine contemporary approaches to bi-/multilingualism focusing on the pragmatics of humour in conversations among bilinguals. We scrutinise aspects of the overall and sequential organisation of talk as well as instances of humour produced by speakers of different ethnic origin, generation, and social groups. We focus on the construction of “otherness,” which reflects the dynamic interplay between the micro-level of conversational practices and the macro-level of discourse involving contrasting categorisations and identities pertaining to differently orientated ethnic and social groups. Based on the analysis, we will show a) how humorous targeting orients in-groups versus out-groups, and b) mediates the dynamic process of constructing the identity of speakers who, being members of minority linguistic communities, represent “otherness.”</em></p> <p><em> </em></p> Marianthi Georgalidou Vasilia Kourtis-Kazoullis Hasan Kaili Copyright (c) 2021 The European Journal of Humour Research 2022-10-11 2022-10-11 10 3 168 188 10.7592/EJHR.2022.10.3.625 Covidly humorous memes <p><em>The analysis of memes posted on Moroccan Facebook pages during the first wave of Covid-19 pandemic shows that the use of humour by Moroccans is not only motivated by achieving mirth but it also vehicles critical views about issues of common concern debated in the digital public sphere. Some of these memes were used to cope with fear and uncertainty. However, most memes harboured mixed feelings about the situation and were used for social control and the expression of conflict and resistance, addressing issues of behaviour, governance and communication. This article uses a social semiotic approach to analyse the collected memes (460 from personal and communal pages) as a multimodal discourse in terms of context, culture, and media affordances. This article contends that the study of these memes can be a key to understanding how Moroccans used humour to cope with danger and radical uncertainty, build identification and strengthen social cohesion. It also highlights the polyvocality of humour in times of the pandemic and the gradual shift from inclusive, conformist and sympathetic humour to disparaging, exclusive and challenging humour as the pandemic lingered, consensus began to crack, social control was challenged and injunctive norms were replaced by survival values. The results show how these memes are indicative of the way </em><em>humour changes mechanisms and functions in terms of contingent motivations</em><em>.</em></p> <p><em> </em></p> Mohamed Mifdal Copyright (c) 2022 The European Journal of Humour Research 2022-11-18 2022-11-18 10 3 189 210 10.7592/EJHR.2022.10.3.688