The development of the Humor Structure Appreciation Scale and its relation to Sensation Seeking Inventory and Need for Closure Scale

Filip Sulejmanov, Ognen Spasovski, Tracey Platt

Abstract


Three related studies are presented with the aim of investigating the individual differences in humour appreciation, sensation seeking and need for closure. In order to accomplish this, the construction and initial validation of a new instrument will be presented. The Humour Structure Appreciation Scale (HSAS) distinguishes between incongruity-resolution (INC-RES), and nonsense (NON) humour. The first study analyses the content validity of a broad item pool. The second study focused on the metric properties of the selected items. In the third study, the remaining jokes were given to a quota sample from Macedonia, along with measures of sensation seeking (Arnett Inventory of Sensation Seeking) and need for closure (Need for Closure Scale). Psychometric properties of the scales were investigated and showed to be satisfactory. Intercorrelations among the scales provide evidence for the construct validity of the HSAS.


Keywords


humor appreciation; sensation seeking; need for closure; HSAS

Full Text:

VIEW FULL TEXT HERE

References


Arnett, J. (1994). ‘Sensation seeking: a new scale and a new conceptualisation’. Personality and Individual Differences, 16(2), pp. 289-296.

Bradburn, N. M., & Mason, W. M. (1964). ‘The effect of question order on responses’. Journal of Marketing Research, 1(4), pp. 57-61.

Brengelmann, J. C. & Brengelmann, L. (1960). ‘German validation of questionnaires assessing dogmatic and intolerant attitudes’. Zeitschrift für experimentelle und angewandte Psychologie, 7, pp. 451-471.

Carretero-Dios, H., Perez, C. & Buela-Casal, G. (2006). ‘Dimensiones de la apreciación del humor [Dimensions of humor appreciation]’. Psicothema, 18, pp. 465-470.

Carretero-Dios, H., Perez, C., & Buela-Casal, G. (2009). ‘Content validity and metric properties of a pool of items developed to assess humour appreciation’. The Spanish Journal of Psychology, 12(2), pp. 773-787.

Carretero-Dios, H., Perez, C., & Buela-Casal, G. (2010). ‘Assessing the appreciation of the content and structure of humour: Construction of a new scale’. Humour: International Journal of Humour Research, 23, pp. 307-325.

Carretero-Dios, H. & Ruch, W. (2010). ‘Humour appreciation and sensation seeking: Invariance of findings across culture and assessment instrument?’ Humour: International Journal of Humour Research, 23, pp. 427-445.

Courtney, M. G. R. (2013). ‘Determining the number of factors to retain in EFA: Using the SPSS R-Menu v2.0 to make more judicious estimations’. Practical Assessment, Research & Evaluation, 18(8), pp. 1–14.

Diekhoff, G. (1992). Statistics for the Social and Behavioural Sciences: Univariate, Bivariate, Multivariate. Dubuque, IA: Brown.

Feldman, J. M., & Lynch, J. G. J. (1988). ‘Self-generated validity and other effects of measurement on belief, attitude, intention, and behaviour’. Journal of Applied Psychology, 73(3), pp. 421-435.

Galloway, G., & Chirico, D. (2008). ‘Personality and humour appreciation: evidence of an association between trait neuroticism and preferences for structural features of humour’. Humour: International Journal of Humour Research, 21, pp. 129-142.

Gordon, J. (2004). ‘Developing and improving assessment instruments’. Assessment in Education: Principles, Policy and Practice, 11, pp. 243-245.

Gosling, S. D., Vazire, S., Srivastava, S., & John, O. P. (2004). ‘Should we trust web-based studies? A comparative analysis of six preconceptions about internet questionnaires’. American Psychologist, 59, pp. 93-104.

Haynes, C. A., Miles, N. V., Clements, K. (2000). ‘A confirmatory factor analysis of two models of sensation seeking’. Personality and Individual Differences, 29, pp. 823-839.

Haynes, S.N., Richard, D.C.S., & Kubany, E.S. (1995). ‘Content validity in psychological assessment: A functional approach to concepts and methods’. Psychological Assessment, 7, pp. 238-247.

Hempelmann, C. F., & Samson, A. C. (2008). ‘Cartoons: Drawn jokes?’ In V. Raskin (Ed.), A Primer of Humour Research, Berlin: Mouton de Gruyter. pp. 609-40

Hofstede, G, Hofstede, G. J., & Minkov M. (2010). Cultures and Organisations: Software of the Mind: Intercultural Cooperation and its Importance for Survival, 3rd ed., New York: McGraw Hill.

Jackson, D.N. (1970). ‘A sequential system for personality scale development’, in C.D. Spielberger (ed.), Current Topics in Clinical and Community Psychology (vol. 2), New York: Academic Press. pp. 61-96

Kischkel, K. H. (1984). ‘A scale to assess tolerance of ambiguity’. Diagnostica, 30, pp. 144-154.

Kruglanski, A.W. (1990). ‘Motivation for judging and knowing: Implications for casual attribution’. In E.T. Higgins & R.M. Sorrentino (Eds.), The Handbook of Motivation and Cognition: Foundation of Social Behaviour (vol. 2), New York: Guilford Press. pp. 333-368

Kruglanski, A.W., & Webster, D.M. (1996). ‘Motivated closing of the mind: “Seizing” and “Freezing”. Psychological Review, 103, pp. 263-283.

Martin, R. A. (2007). The Psychology of Humour: An Integrative Approach. Burlington, MA: Elsevier Academic Press.

McGhee, P.E., Ruch, W., & Hehl, F.J. (1990). ‘A personality-based model of humour development during adulthood’. Humour: International Journal of Humour Research, 3, pp. 119-146.

Mindess, H., Miller, C., Turek, J., Bender, A., & Corbin, S. (1985). The Antioch Humour Test: Making Sense of Humour. New York: Avon Books.

O’Connor, B. P. (2000). ‘SPSS and SAS programs for determining the number of components using parallel analysis and Velicer’s MAP test’. Behaviour Research Methods, Instruments, & Computers, 32, pp. 396–402.

Patil, V. H., Singh, S. N., Mishra, S. & Donavan, T.D. (2007), Parallel Analysis Engine to Aid Determining Number of Factors to Retain [Computer software]. Available from http://smishra.faculty.ku.edu/parallelengine.htm (accessed August 8, 2016)

Roets, A. & Van Hiel, A. (2007). ‘Separating ability from need: Clarifying the dimensional structure of the need for closure scale’. Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin, 33(2), pp. 266-280.

Ruch, W. (1983). ‘Humour-Test 3WD (Forms A, B, and K)’. Unpublished manuscript, University of Dusseldorf, Germany.

Ruch, W. (1992). ‘Assessment of appreciation of humour: Studies with the 3WD humour test’, in C. D. Spielberger & J. N. Butcher (Eds.), Advances in Personality Assessment (Vol. 9), Hilsdale, NJ: Erlbaum. pp. 27-75

Ruch, W. (1999). ‘The sense of nonsense lies in the nonsense of sense. Comment on Paolillo’s (1998) Gary Larson’s Far Side: Nonsense? Nonsense! – Debate’. Humour: International Journal of Humour Research, 12(1), pp. 71-93.

Ruch, W. (2008). ‘The psychology of humour’, in Raskin V. (Ed.), A Primer of Humour Research, Berlin: Mouton de Gruyter. pp. 17-100

Ruch, W., & Hehl, F.-J. (1983). ‘Intolerance of ambiguity as a factor in the appreciation of humour’. Personality and Individual Differences, 4, pp. 443-449.

Ruch, W., & Hehl, F.-J. (2007). ‘A two-mode model of humour appreciation: Its relation to aesthetic appreciation and simplicity-complexity of personality’, in Ruch, W. (Ed.), The Sense of Humour: Exploration of a Personality Characteristic, Berlin: Walter de Gruyter. pp. 109-142

Ruch, W. & Köhler, G. (2007). ‘A temperament approach to humour’. In W. Ruch (Ed.), The Sense of Humour: Explorations of a Personality Characteristic. Berlin: Mouton de Gruyter. pp. 203-231

Sireci, S. G. (1998). ‘The construct of content validity’. Social Indicators Research, 45(1-3), pp. 83-117.

Smith, G. T., Fischer, S., & Fister, S. M. (2003). ‘Incremental validity principles in test construction’. Psychological Assessment, 15(4), 467.

Sulejmanov, F. (2016). ‘Humour Structure Appreciation Scale’. Unpublished Instrument. University of Ss Cyril and Methodius University, Skopje, Macedonia.

Terry, R. L., & Ertel, S. L. (1974). ‘Exploration of individual differences in preferences for humour’. Psychological Reports, 34(3), pp. 1031-1037.

Webster, D. M. & Kruglanski, A. W. (1994). ‘Individual differences in need for cognitive closure’. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 67(6), 1049.

Wynd, C.A., Schmidt, B., & Atkins-Schaefer, M. (2003). ‘Two quantitative approaches for estimating instrument content validity’. Western Journal for Nursing Research, 25, pp. 508-518.

Zwick, W. R., & Velicer, W. F. (1986). ‘Comparison of five rules for determining the number of components to retain’. Psychological Bulletin, 99, pp. 432–442.




DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.7592/EJHR2018.6.1.sulejmanov

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Publication ethics and malpractice statement