Humour in popularization: Analysis of humour-related laughter in TED talks

Giuseppina Scotto di Carlo

Abstract


This paper investigates the role of humour in TED talks, which are popularising speeches aiming at knowledge dissemination.

Through the analysis of humour used in Eugene Cordero’s 2012 talk ‘A TED speaker’s worst nightmare’, Sebastian Wernicke’s Lies, damned lies and statistics, and Julia Sweeney’s It’s time for ‘The Talk’, the paper analyses TED talks as an innovative tool of popularization, which breaches the typical triangularization ‘scientist-mediator-audience’, bringing scientists directly into contact with their audiences.

Drawing upon Raskin (1985) and Attardo’s (1994) theories on humour, the paper analyses how  humour in TED talks arises from a pleasant psychological shift of incongruity, when it is the “consequence of the discrepancy between two mental representations”; from a sense of superiority, when a person laughs about his/her own misfortunes or of others; or from a release reaction, when laughter is used to release tensions deriving from taboo topics, such as sexuality, politics, and religion.

The talks show how humour is an endemic feature of this genre of popularising texts. In contrast with other forms of ‘canonical’ popularisation, these talks are not only delivered in a simple, clear, original, and relevant way, but also in a way that is enjoyable for the audience, which actively interacts with the speaker through humour.

 


Keywords


Ted talks, popularization, humour, scientists-audience interactions

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References


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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.7592/EJHR2013.1.4.scottodicarlo

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